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Norfolk Island


bullet.gif (1358 bytes) Discovery : Captain Cook on the Resolution discovered the island on 10th October 1774.
bullet.gif (1358 bytes) 1st Settlement : 1788 - 1814  Lieutenant Philip Gidley King arrived in HMS Supply on 6th march 1788 to establish the settlement with 22 people including 15 convicts.  They landed at Sydney Bay (Kingston).  The island was abandoned in February 1814.
bullet.gif (1358 bytes) 2nd Settlement : 1825 - 1856  Captain R Turton , re-occupied the island in June 1825 as a settlement for the "worst felons".  This settlement period was renowned for the number of convict uprisings, deaths and harsh treatments inflicted by some of the commandants.   The settlement closed in 1855 with only a skeleton population staying until 1856 to hand over the island to the Pitcairners.
bullet.gif (1358 bytes) 3rd Settlement : 8th June 1856 -  194 Pitcairn Islanders arrived to form the first free settlement on Norfolk Island.  The Pitcairners are descendants of the Bounty mutineers.   It is the descendants of these first free settlers who are today the Islanders of Norfolk Island.

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Bibliography : Norfolk Island (3 settlements), Pitcairn Island and Bounty Descendants
A Guide to Pitcairn, (5th Edition) Government of the Islands of Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno, Auckland, 1990. *
A Voyage to New South Wales : The Journal of Lieutenant William Bradley of HMS Sirius 1786-1792, (includes charts) Public Library of New South Wales, Sydney, 1969. ***
Mutiny on the Bounty 1789 – 1989 : An International Exhibition to mark the 200th Anniversary, Manorial Research PLC and National Maritime Museum, London, 1989. *
The Archaeological survey of Kingston and Arthur’s Vale, (2 Volumes) Department of Housing and Construction, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1983. *
Barry, John Vincent, Alexander Maconochie of Norfolk Island, Oxford University Press, London, 1958. ***
Barry, John Vincent, The Life and Death of John Price, Melbourne University Press, Parkville, 1964. ***
Bassett, Marnie, The Governor’s Lady : Mrs. Philip Gidley King, Oxford University Press, London, 1956. ***
Brand, Ian, The Convict Probation System : Van Diemen’s Land 1839 - 1854, Blubber Head Press, Sandy Bay Tasmania, 1990. ***
Britts, M.G., The Commandants : The Tyrants who ruled Norfolk Island, Herron Publications, West End Queensland, 1980. ***
Cash, Martin, Martin Cash, The Bushranger of Van Diemen’s Land in 1843-44 : A personal narrative of his exploits in the bush and his experiences at Port Arthur and Norfolk Island, J. Walch & Sons Pty Ltd, Hobart, 1972. *
Chambers, Leanne and Hoare, Merval (Eds.), Thomas Samuel Stewart’s Journal, Norfolk Island 1855 : Waiting for the Pitcairn Islanders, Pearce Printing and Publishing, North Geelong, 1992. ***
Clarke, Peter, Hell and Paradise, Viking, Ringwood, 1986. ***
Clune, Frank, Journey to Pitcairn, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1966. *
Clune, Frank, Martin Cash : The Last of the Tasmanian Bushrangers, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1955. *
Clune, Frank, The Norfolk Island Story, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1967. *
Coleman, Neville, The Nature of Norfolk Island, Sea Australia Resource Centre, Rochedale South Qld, 1991. ***
Cox, Philip and Stacey, Wesley, Building Norfolk Island, Thomas Nelson (Australia) Limited, Melbourne, 1971. *
Crittenden, Victor, King of Norfolk Island Story, Mulini Press, Canberra, 1993. ***
Dalkin, R. Nixon, Colonial Era Cemetery of Norfolk Island, Pacific Publications, Sydney, 1985. ***
Davies, K. & K.A., Old Norfolk Town : The past in pictures, Davies, Norfolk Island, n.d.. *
Dening, Greg, Mr Bligh’s Bad Language : Passion, Power and Theatre on the Bounty, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993. ***
Donohoe, James Hugh, Norfolk Island 1788 – 1813 : The people and their families, James Hugh Donohoe, Sydney, 1986. ***
Duke, John S. & Duke, Mary-Lorraine & Guymer, Angela & Hoare, Merval & Smith, Nan, Norfolk Island Hospitals and Public Health from the 1st Convict Settlement, Norfolk Island Historical Society, Norfolk Island, 1994. ***
Duke, Mary Lorraine, Tale of Two Islands, Tern Publications, Norfolk Island, 1991. *
Edgecombe, Jean and Bennett, Isobel, Discovering Norfolk Island : A Complete Guide, Pacific Maps and Guides, Sydney, 1983. ***
Edgecombe, Jean, Norfolk Island – South Pacific : Island of history and many delights, J.M. Edgecombe, Thornleigh NSW, 1991. ***
Eldershaw, M. Barnard, The Life and Times of Captain John Piper, National Trust of Australia (N.S.W.), 1973. *
Fidlon, Paul G. (Ed.), The Journal and Letters of Lt. Ralph Clark 1787-1792, Australian Documents Library, Sydney, 1981. ***
Fidlon, Paul G. (Ed.), The Journal of Philip Gidley King : Lieutenant, R.N. 1787-1790, Australian Documents Library, Sydney, 1980. ***
Ford, Herbert, Pitcairn, Anchor Titles, California, 1972. *
Frost, Alan, Convicts & Empire : A Naval Question, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1980. ***
Hazzard, Margaret, Convicts and Commandants of Norfolk Island 1788-1855, Margaret Hazzard, Norfolk Island, 1978. *
Hazzard, Margaret, Punishment Short of Death : A History of the Penal Settlement at Norfolk Island, Hyland House Publishing Pty Limited, South Yarra, 1984. ***
Hillier, R.S., The Norfolk Island Book, Anson Publications, Norfolk Island, 1986. *
Hitch, Gil & Maev, Ghosts of Norfolk Island, G. & M. Hitch, Norfolk Island, 1988. *
Hoare, Merval (Ed.), Elizabeth Robertson’s Diary, Norfolk Island 1845, M. Hoare, Newcastle, 1988. ***
Hoare, Merval, Norfolk Island : A history through illustration 1774-1974, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1979. *
Hoare, Merval, Norfolk Island : An Outline of Its History 1774-1987, University of Queensland Press, Queensland, 1988. ***
Hoare, Merval, Rambler’s Guide to Norfolk Island, Merval Hoard, Norfolk Island, 1994. ***
Hughes, Robert, The Fatal Shore, Pan Books Ltd, London, 1988. ***
Irvine, Nance (Ed.), The Sirius Letters : The complete letters of Newton Fowell 1786 - 1790, The Fairfax Library, Sydney, 1988. ***
Lucas, Russell Edwin, The Lucas Report : Transported Six Times Over!, R. E. Lucas, Geelong, 1983. *
Marks, Percy J., Norfolk Island and the Bounty Mutiny, Sydney, 1935. *
Matthew, J.A., A Guide to Government House Norfolk Island Story, Macquarie University Australian History Resources Centre, n.d.. *
Mitchell, Dorothy J., The Bounty and After : A short history of the descendants of the mutineers of the "Bounty" by Albert S. Gazzard, Dorothy J. Mitchell, New Zealand, 1983. *
Mortlock, J.F., Experiences of a Convict, Sydney University Press, Sydney, 1966. ***
Murray, Spencer, Pitcairn Island : The First 200 Years, Bounty Saga, La Canada California, 1992. ***
Nobbs, Raymond, George Hunn Nobbs 1799 – 1884 Chaplain on Pitcairn and Norfolk Island, The Pitcairn Descendants Society, Norfolk Island, 1984. ***
Nobbs, Raymond, Norfolk Island : and its First Settlement 1788-1814, Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1988. ***
Nobbs, Raymond, Norfolk Island : and its Second Settlement 1825-1855, Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1991. ***
Nordhoff, Charles and Hall, James Norman, Pitcairn’s Island, Chapman and Hall Ltd, London, 1935. *
Norfolk Island Census of Population and Housing 30 June 1986, Administration of Norfolk Island, Norfolk Island, 1986. *
Palmer, Beryl Nobbs, A Dictionary of Norfolk Words and Usages, (2nd Edition) Beryl Nobbs Palmer, Norfolk Island, 1992. *
Ring, Maree, Martin Cash : Life after Bushranging, Maree Ring, Hobart, 1993. *
Roderick, Colin, John Knatchbull : from Quarterdeck to Gallows, Angus and Robertson Ltd, Sydney, 1963. ***
Ryan, R.J. (Ed.), Land Grants 1788 – 1809 : A record of registered grants and leases in New South Wales, Van Diemen’s Land and Norfolk Island, Australian Documents Library, Sydney, 1981. ***
Sagazio, Celestina (Ed.), Cemeteries : Our Heritage, National Trust of Australia, Melbourne, 1992.
Schaffer, Irene & McKay, Thelma, Exiled Three Times Over! : Profiles of Norfolk Islanders exiled in Van Diemen’s Land 1807-13, St David’s Park Publishing, Hobart, 1992. ***
Schaffer, James Jordan’s Last Journey : Norfolk Island to Norfolk Plains 1813, Irene Schaffer, New Town Tasmania, 1991. ***
Schaffer, Irene (Ed.), Land Musters, Stock Returns and Lists : Van Diemen’s Land 1803-1822, St David’s Park Publishing, Hobart, 1991. ***
Shapiro, Harry L., The Heritage of the Bounty : The Story of Pitcairn Through Six Generations, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1936. ***
Shelley, Barbara V., Project Centenary : Historical reflections on Norfolk Island’s Seventh-Day Adventist Church, 1895 - 1995, Seventh-Day Adventist Church, Norfolk Island, 1995. *
Silverman, David, Pitcairn Island, The World Publishing Company, Cleveland Ohio, 1967. ***
Sriber, Ruth, Norfolk Island Sketchbook, Rigby Limited, Adelaide, 1969. *
St. Barnabas’ Chapel, Norfolk Island, South Pacific, Church of England in Norfolk Island, Norfolk Island, n.d.. *
Taylor, Nancy M., Journal of Ensign Best, Government Printer, Wellington NZ, 1966. ***
Ullathorne, Archbishop W.B., From Cabin-boy to Archbishop, Burns & Oates, London, 1941.
Weidenhofer, Margaret, The Convict Years : Transportation and the penal system 1788-1868, Lansdowne Press, Melbourne, 1974. ***
Wesley, Jane, A Street Guide : Quality Row, Kingston Norfolk Island, Norfolk Island Museum, Norfolk Island, 1994. *
Wesley, Jane, Government House, Norfolk Island, Office of the Administrator, Norfolk Island, 1995. *
Wright, Reg, The Forgotten Generation of Norfolk Island and Van Diemens Land, Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1986. ***

* = no index
*** = index

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Created by : Susie Zada
1996 Susie Zada, Ocean Grove, Victoria, Australia
Last revised : March 15, 2007.
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